In English, whether you are analyzing literature or any informational text, it is very essential that you understand the difference between a fact and an opinion. Generally, a fact is a statement that is proven to be true. Whereas an opinion is a stated preference or an idea or belief. The opinion may vary from source to source and person to person.
Critical thinking is the best possible way of determining which statements are fact and which statements are opinion.
What are Fact Statements?
Facts are simple statements used to inform or make an argument.
How Can You Identify A Factual Statement – Questions to Identify Facts:
You need to ask following three questions to identify if it is a factual statement.
- Can the statement be proved or demonstrated to be true?
- Can the statement be observed in practice or operation?
- Can you see it happen?
- Can the statement be verified by witnesses, manuscripts, or documents?
Examples Of Factual Statements
- Your heart pumps blood through your body.
- The leaves of growing plants are usually green.
- People use their legs to walk.
- Some people keep dogs as pets.
- 1 liter of water weighs 1 kilogram.
- There are 50 states in the United States.
- Water always comes from the sky.
- The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.
- The third president of the United States was Thomas Jefferson.
- Bali tigers are extinct.
- Sir Ian McKellan played Gandalf in the Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit franchises.
- King John of England signed the Magna Carta in 1215.
- The United States was established in 1776.
- The pH levels in acids are lower than pH levels in alkalines.
- Beethoven had a reputation as a virtuoso pianist.
Let’s move to the other section and learn about sentences to give opinions.
What are Opinion Statements?
Opinion – Opinions are useful to persuade, but careful readers and listeners will notice and demand evidence to back them up.
How Can You Identify Opinion Statement – Words to Identify Opinions:
We use two types of words to identify Opinions:
1. Biased Words (bad, worse, worst, good, better, best, worthwhile, worthless, etc.)
2. Qualifiers (all, always, likely, never, might seem, possibly, probably, should, etc.)
What Are Different Types of Opinions:
There are three common types of opinion statements.
- Positions on Controversial Issues
- Predictions about things in the future
- Evaluations of people, places, and things
Examples Of Opinion Statements
- The cake tastes delicious.
- She looks sad.
- He is childish.
- My history teacher hates me.
- The movie was boring.
- To solve traffic, it is better to invest in subways and trains than in road widening programs.
- The TV shows in ABS-CBN are more entertaining than the shows of other channels.
- It is better to live in Singapore than in Japan.
- The internet is being used by teenagers to waste their time in social media.
- I prefer using Facebook to Twitter because Twitter has limited characters per caption.
- Nike is more useful than Adidas.
- Liza Soberano is more beautiful than Janella Salvador.
- Watching someone dance is more entertaining than watching someone sing.
- Traveling in Asia is more fun than traveling in Europe.
- I believe that the greatest president in the USA is Barack Obama.
- The legal age for drinking should be lowered to 16.
- London is the best city in the world.
- Today seems hotter than yesterday
- That was a good movie.
- Strawberries taste better blueberries.
- George Clooney is the sexiest actor alive.
- The death penalty is wrong.
- Beethoven’s reputation as a virtuoso pianist is overrated.
Basically, the fact and opinion strategy teach us about the difference a sentence can create in a content. This difference and strategy are quite valuable for people who are interested in learning English. This process facilitates evidence-based learning and encourages them to be analytical in their reading and listening skills.