Rules to Change Gender from Masculine to Feminine

In this section we will learn three ways of transform of masculine nouns to feminine nouns and later we’ll see some notes we should keep handing for correct formation.

I guess almost all of us get confused as to how the feminine version of a word is formed, though we have a long list of masculine and feminine words. But it is difficult to tell how they are formed just by looking at them, Is there any specific way ?. That’s what we are going to have a look at this article.

Masculine to Feminine Gender Changing Rules

Following is a list of 3 important rules if followed will help you change the gender forms.

Rule 1. Use a Completely Different Word

In these types we have a different word for a every masculine nouns. Let us understand this with some examples.

MasculineFeminine
FatherMother
UncleAunt
BoyGirl
BrotherSister.
SirMadam
KingQueen

Rule 2. By Adding a Syllable (—ess, —ine, —trix, —a, etc.)

We can also make a feminine word by adding syllables at the end of masculine word.

  1. Syllable -ess is added after dropping the vowel of the masculine ending.
  2. we add suffixes -ine, -a, -trix to form feminine form.
MasculineFeminine
PoetPoetess
PriestPriestess
HostHostess
MurdererMurderess
WaiterWaitress
ActorActress
EmperorEmpress
PrincePrincess
MasterMistress
HeroHeroine
ExecutorExecutrix
SultanSultana
DonDonna
SignorSignora
AdministratorAdministratrix

Rule 3. Substituting a Feminine Word for a Masculine in Compound Words.

We make feminine of some compound words by substituting a Feminine Word for a Masculine part.

MasculineFeminine
Milk-manMilk-maid
Land-lordLand-lady
Step-sonStep-daughter
Man-kindWoman-kind
Great-uncleGreat-aunt
School-masterSchool-mistress

Points to Note while Forming Feminine Words

Following are some notes you should be aware while forming feminine.

Note : 1. Some Masculine Nouns are used in the Common Gender. For example,

  • Actor
  • Author
  • Doctor
  • Lawyer
  • Man
  • Poet
  • Teacher.

Note 2. Some Feminine Nouns are used in the Common Gender. For example,

  • Cow
  • Duck
  • Bee

Note 3. Some Feminine Nouns have no corresponding Masculine forms. For example,

  • House-wife (mistress of the house)
  • Virgin (an unmarried woman)
  • Flirt (woman pretending to make love)
  • Virago (a turbulent woman)
  • Dowager (widow with late husband’s property)
  • Siren (an enticing woman)
  • Brunette (a dark-complexioned woman)
  • Prude (a woman of a affected modestry)

Note 4. Some Masculines have no corresponding Feminines. For example,

  • Captain
  • Judge
  • Knight
  • Squire
  • Parson

Make a list of these key points and you’ll have a good time understanding the concept of genders and their types.

Till then keep Exploring EnglishBix for more quality resources to English grammar.

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