Top 50 Hardest Languages To Learn Ranked in 2024

It is quite a struggle to learn a new language. Adults find learning a new language more difficult than children.

Any language learning would need attention of both your mind and time; that is what makes it really hard for adults to learn a foreign language. Put simply, it’s hard because it your brain has to construct new cognitive frameworks and it requires a consistent practice.

But there are other major factors that make language learning difficult but we are not going to discuss them here, rather we will discuss the top 50 hardest language as ranked in the year 2021.

Top 50 Hardest Languages in The World

Following is a list of 50 difficult languages to learn, ranked for the year 2021. Pick the ones you want to master.

TagalogTagalog is the language spoken by 1/4th of the total population of the Philippines. Its grammar and uncommon sentence structure rules make it pretty difficult to master.
NavajoNavajo is one of the Southern Athabaskan languages and is spoken in the southwestern part of the United States
NorwegianNorwegian is one of the variants of Scandinavian languages; It is the official language of Norway and widely spoken by 4,640,000 people
PersianThe Persian is an old language which belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. It is widely spoken in Iran and other parts of middle-east.
IndonesianIndonesian language is the common language of business in the entire Indonesian archipelago
DutchIt is mostly spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname. It has around 22 million speakers around the world.
SlovenianThe Slovenian language is part of the South Slavic language group, which has 25-letter alphabet.
AfrikaansAfrikaans is spoken by the natives of Namibia and South Africa, as well as Zimbabwe and Botswana. It is the 3rd most widely spoken language in South Africa.
DanishDanish is a Scandinavian language spoken in Denmark and currently holds a minority language status.
BasqueIt is the ancestral language of the Basque Country. It is the oldest European language still in use today.
WelshIt is part of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages mainly spoken in Wales. It has 29 letters alphabet.
UrduModern Standard Urdu, this language is normally associated with Muslims around the world.
HebrewIt is a West Semitic language that belongs to the Afroasiatic language family and widely spoken in Israel.
KoreanKorean is the widely spoken language in North and South Korea.
SanskritSanskrit is considered the core language of Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. You will many Vedic and ancient texts written in this language. 
CroatianCroatian is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language. It is the official language of Croatia spoken by 4.8 million people.
Hungarian Hungarian is the official language of Hungary, this language is a European Union language that is spoken by the communities of Hungary and has around 13 million speakers.
ScottishScottish is a Celtic language that is spoken by 1.2 million natives of Scotland.
JapaneseThis East Asian language is the national language of Japan with 128 million native speakers.
AlbanianAlbanian is an Indio-European language spoken by 10 million people of Kosovo, Alabania, Bulgaria, and the Republic of Macedonia.
IcelandicThis North Germanic language is an Indo-European language spoken by about 314000 people.
ThaiIt is the official national language of Thailand with 60.7 million active speakers.
VietnameseVietnamese is the national and official language of Vietnam which has over 82 million native speakers.
It is a Semitic language of the Arabs, spoken by some 150 million people in a broad range of territories, stretching from the Middle East to the Horn of Africa
ChineseThe Chinese language takes many forms that are not mutually intelligible and about 1 billion speak it.
Polish It is the official language of Poland and has around 50 million native speakers around the world.
FinishIt is an official language of Finland and also spoken in some parts of Sweden. It may look and sound a bit similar to English, however it is more closely related to Hungarian.
MandarinThis is a tonal language which makes is extremely difficult to master. The pronunciation of Mandarin varies widely based on geographical and social lines.
AustronesianThese languages are widely spoken throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar, the islands of the Pacific Ocean and Taiwan. There are around 385 million speakers of various Austronesian languages.
HindiIt is the official language spoken in northern part of India and has around 600 million speakers.


AmharicIt is the most widely spoken language in Ethiopia
ArmenianIt is used by an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.
AzerbaijaniIt is a Turkic language spoken primarily by the Azerbaijani people, who live mainly in the Republic of Azerbaijan.
BengaliIt is the official language of the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and in Barak Valley of Assam.
CzechThe Czech Republic, also known as Czechia and historically known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe
EsperantoEsperanto is the world’s most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language
FrenchFrench is one of the world’s major languages and is widely spoken around different parts of the world.
GaelicAlso known as Scottish Gaelic, this language is a Celtic language that is spoken by the natives of Scotland.
GermanIt is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland
ItalianItalian is an official language of Italy and San Marino and is spoken fluently by the majority of the countries’ populations
LithuaniaLithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in the Baltic region of Europe
MacedonianMacedonia also called Macedon was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece
MalayalamMalayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala
MalaysianMalaysia is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country in Southeast Asia and one of the wealthiest and most developed countries
MongolianMongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture
NepaliNepali is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari
PortugueseRelating to Portugal or its people or language
RomanianRomania is a southeastern European country known for the forested region of Transylvania, ringed by the Carpathian Mountains
SpanishSpanish is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family that evolved from colloquial spoken Latin in the Iberian
SwahiliSwahili, also known by its native name Kiswahili, is a Bantu language and the native language of the Swahili people

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