Trigraphs List with Example Words in Phonics

Trigraphs are a single sound displayed in three letters. They can be made up of three vowels, three consonants or a combination of both.

Now in this section we will work on two Trigraph:

  1. Consonant Trigraphs
  2. Vowel Trigraphs

Consonants clusters are groups of two or three consonants with words that make a different consonant sound, such as “bl” or “spl.”

Consonant digraphs include: bl, br, ch, ck, cl, cr, dr, fl, fr, gh, gl, gr, ng, ph, pl, pr and many more


Consonant trigraphs are: nth, sch, scr, shr, spl, spr, squ, str, thr.

Examples of Consonant Trigraphs

Let us work on Consonant Trigraph words:

Trigraph Examples
sch schedule, schematic, scheme, scherzo, schism, schizophrenic, schlep, schlock, schmooze, scholar, scholarship, scholastic, school, schoolroom, schooner, schwa
scr scram, scramble, scrap, scrapbook, scrape, scrappy, scratch, scrawl, scrawny, scream, screech, screen, screenwriter, screw, screwball, screwdriver, scribble, scribe, scrimmage, scruples, scrutinize, scrutiny
shr shrank, shrapnel, shred, shrew, shrewd, shriek, shrift, shrill, shrimp, shrine, shrink, shrivel, shroud, shrub, shrug, shrunk
sph sphagnum, sphere, spherical, spheroid, sphincter, sphinx
spl splash, splashdown, splat, splatter, splay, spleen, splendid, splendor, splice, splint, splinter, split, splotchy, splurge, splutter
spr sprain, sprang, sprawl, spray, spread, spreadsheet, spree, sprig, spring, springboard, springbok, springtime, sprinkle, sprinkler, sprint, sprite, spritz
squ squab, squabble, squad, squadron, squalid, squall, squalor, squander, square, squash, squat, squawk, squeak, squeal, squeamish, squeegee, squeeze
str straight, strain, strait, strand, strange, strap, straw, strawberry, stray, streak, stream, street, strength, stress, stress, stretch, stretch, strict, stride, string
thr thrash, thread, threat, three, thresher, threw, thrice, thrift, thriller, thrive, throat, throb, throne,

Examples of Vowel Trigraphs

Vowel Trigraphs in simple term is: The three letters group which is solely of vowels i.e, a,e,i,o,u. It represents a vowel sound.

Let us work on Vowel Trigraph words:

eau beau, beauty, bureaucracy, bureaucrat, beautiful, beauty, beautician, bureaucratic, beauteous, plateau, bureau, portmanteau, tableau, chateau, bureaucratize
eou Cretaceous, curvaceous, herbaceous, rosaceous, advantageous, courageous, gorgeous, outrageous
iou atrocious, capricious, gracious, judicious, contagious, ambitious, cautious, expeditious, litigious, egregious, prestigious, infectious, religious, nutritious, precious, precious, pretentious, superstitious, suspicious, vicious,

You can download the following resource to help your kids teach what trigraphs are.

Following are some worksheet resources for practicing trigraph.

  1. EAR Trigraph Phonics Words Worksheet
  2. AIR Sound Phonics Words Worksheet

Quick Links

Consonant and Vowel Digraphs Consonant Blends