Trigraphs are a single sound displayed in three letters. They can be made up of three vowels, three consonants or a combination of both.
Now in this section we will work on two Trigraph:
- Consonant Trigraphs
- Vowel Trigraphs
Consonants clusters are groups of two or three consonants with words that make a different consonant sound, such as “bl” or “spl.”
Consonant digraphs include: bl, br, ch, ck, cl, cr, dr, fl, fr, gh, gl, gr, ng, ph, pl, pr and many more
Consonant trigraphs are: nth, sch, scr, shr, spl, spr, squ, str, thr.
Examples of Consonant Trigraphs
Let us work on Consonant Trigraph words:
|sch||schedule, schematic, scheme, scherzo, schism, schizophrenic, schlep, schlock, schmooze, scholar, scholarship, scholastic, school, schoolroom, schooner, schwa|
|scr||scram, scramble, scrap, scrapbook, scrape, scrappy, scratch, scrawl, scrawny, scream, screech, screen, screenwriter, screw, screwball, screwdriver, scribble, scribe, scrimmage, scruples, scrutinize, scrutiny|
|shr||shrank, shrapnel, shred, shrew, shrewd, shriek, shrift, shrill, shrimp, shrine, shrink, shrivel, shroud, shrub, shrug, shrunk|
|sph||sphagnum, sphere, spherical, spheroid, sphincter, sphinx|
|spl||splash, splashdown, splat, splatter, splay, spleen, splendid, splendor, splice, splint, splinter, split, splotchy, splurge, splutter|
|spr||sprain, sprang, sprawl, spray, spread, spreadsheet, spree, sprig, spring, springboard, springbok, springtime, sprinkle, sprinkler, sprint, sprite, spritz|
|squ||squab, squabble, squad, squadron, squalid, squall, squalor, squander, square, squash, squat, squawk, squeak, squeal, squeamish, squeegee, squeeze|
|str||straight, strain, strait, strand, strange, strap, straw, strawberry, stray, streak, stream, street, strength, stress, stress, stretch, stretch, strict, stride, string|
|thr||thrash, thread, threat, three, thresher, threw, thrice, thrift, thriller, thrive, throat, throb, throne,|
Examples of Vowel Trigraphs
Vowel Trigraphs in simple term is: The three letters group which is solely of vowels i.e, a,e,i,o,u. It represents a vowel sound.
Let us work on Vowel Trigraph words:
|eau||beau, beauty, bureaucracy, bureaucrat, beautiful, beauty, beautician, bureaucratic, beauteous, plateau, bureau, portmanteau, tableau, chateau, bureaucratize|
|eou||Cretaceous, curvaceous, herbaceous, rosaceous, advantageous, courageous, gorgeous, outrageous|
|iou||atrocious, capricious, gracious, judicious, contagious, ambitious, cautious, expeditious, litigious, egregious, prestigious, infectious, religious, nutritious, precious, precious, pretentious, superstitious, suspicious, vicious,|
You can download the following resource to help your kids teach what trigraphs are.
Following are some worksheet resources for practicing trigraph.